What Is Submetering?

Are you curious to know what is submetering? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about submetering in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is submetering?

Efficient resource management has become a critical aspect of sustainability and cost reduction in various industries, particularly in the context of energy and water consumption. One essential tool that plays a significant role in resource management is submetering. In this blog, we’ll delve into the concept of submetering, exploring what it is, how it works, and the advantages it offers to businesses and property owners.

What Is Submetering?

Submetering is a practice of installing additional meters within a building or property to measure the consumption of specific utilities, such as electricity, water, gas, or heating. These submeters are installed downstream from the main utility meters and provide detailed data on resource consumption at a more granular level.

How Does Submetering Work?

The process of submetering involves the following steps:

  1. Installation: Submeters are installed at various locations within a building, property, or facility. The number and type of submeters depend on the resources being measured and the specific needs of the property owner.
  2. Data Collection: Submeters collect consumption data, which includes information about usage patterns, peak consumption times, and the total amount consumed over a specific period.
  3. Data Transmission: Many modern submetering systems transmit data electronically, allowing property owners and managers to access real-time or periodic consumption data remotely.
  4. Data Analysis: Once data is collected, it is analyzed to gain insights into consumption patterns, potential inefficiencies, and opportunities for improvement.

Advantages Of Submetering

  1. Accurate Billing: Submetering allows property owners to accurately bill tenants for their individual utility consumption, promoting fairness and transparency in billing.
  2. Resource Conservation: By providing tenants with information on their resource consumption, submetering encourages more responsible and efficient resource use. This often leads to reduced consumption and cost savings.
  3. Identifying Leaks and Inefficiencies: Submeters can help identify water or energy leaks, equipment malfunctions, or inefficient resource use, allowing for timely repairs and optimization.
  4. Tenant Engagement: When tenants are aware of their consumption and its impact on costs, they are more likely to take measures to conserve resources, contributing to sustainability efforts.
  5. Compliance and Reporting: Submetering data can be crucial for regulatory compliance and reporting requirements, helping property owners meet legal obligations.
  6. Investment Decisions: Detailed resource consumption data can inform investment decisions, such as upgrading energy-efficient equipment or improving insulation.

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Real-World Applications

Submetering is commonly used in various settings:

  1. Residential Properties: In multi-unit apartment buildings and condominiums, submetering allows landlords to fairly allocate utility costs to tenants.
  2. Commercial Spaces: Businesses can use submetering to monitor and manage their energy consumption, leading to cost savings and improved sustainability.
  3. Industrial Facilities: Large industrial facilities often employ submetering to monitor energy, water, and gas usage to identify opportunities for efficiency improvements.
  4. Data Centers: Submetering in data centers helps manage power consumption and cooling, critical for reliable operation and cost control.
  5. Shopping Malls and Retail Spaces: Submetering enables property managers to track and allocate utility costs among tenants, helping to maintain fair operating expenses.


Submetering is an essential tool for resource management in today’s world, offering benefits in terms of fair billing, resource conservation, efficiency improvements, and sustainability. Whether it’s in residential buildings, commercial spaces, or industrial facilities, submetering provides valuable insights into resource consumption, enabling property owners and managers to make informed decisions, reduce costs, and contribute to a more sustainable future. As the importance of resource conservation and sustainability continues to grow, submetering will play an increasingly significant role in efficient resource management.


What Is The Purpose Of A Sub Meter?

Submeters are electrical devices and associated data acquisition and communication equipment that measure and track building energy performance. They are connected downstream from the utility meter and provide details of energy use for one or more electrical loads.

What Are The Disadvantages Of Submetering?

Submetering requires the installation of equipment on each unit’s particular utility. When submetering water, it’s critical that there is only 1 main water line per unit and that there is enough space for a meter to be installed on it. Submetering also requires a large upfront investment for hardware and installation.

What Is An Example Of A Submeter?

Submeters may include BTU meters, electric meters, flow meters, gas meters, steam meters, and meters embedded in your plant management systems. A university uses departmental submetering to understand the energy use in the college of engineering versus the college of liberal arts and sciences.

What Is The Meaning Of Submeter?

: one of two or more meters for measuring different sections of a supply.

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